The Swat (سوات), which because of its natural beauty is called the Switzerland of Pakistan, is a valley and a district in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is the upper valley of the Swat River, which rises in the Hindu Kush range. The capital of Swat is Saidu Sharif, but the main town in the Swat valley is Mingora. It was a princely state in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa until it was dissolved in 1969. The valley is almost entirely populated by ethnic Pashtuns. The language spoken in the valley is Pashto. Swat is famous for its beautiful high mountains, green meadows, water falls, lakes and River Swat, which is famous for its abundant trout fish.