Mohenjo Daro

Mohenjodaro (Mound of the Dead) was one of the largest city-settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization of South Asia situated in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2600 BEC. The city was one of the early urban settlement in the world, existing at the same time as the civilization of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete. The archaeological ruins of the city as designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is sometime referred to as "An Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis.

Mohenjo Daro Picture
Mohenjo Daro
Moenjodaro was built around 2600 BCE and abandoned around 1900 BCE. It was rediscovered in 1922 by Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay,an officer of the Archaeological Survey of India. He was led to the mound by a Buddhist monk, who believed it to be a stupa. In the 1930s, massive excavations were conducted under the leadership of John Marshall, K.N. Dikshit, Ernest Mackay and Further excavations were carried out in 1945 by Ahmad Hassa Dani and Mortimer Wheeler.
Mohenjodaro was created as a very well planned city. Its original purpose was to serve as a major trading spot and for farming. In ancient times Moenjodaro was most likely one of the administrative centers of the ancient Indus Vally Civilization. It was the most developed and advanced city in South Asia and perhaps the world, during its peak. The planning and engineering showed the importance of the city to the people of the Indus valley.
The Mohenjodaro ruins were one of the major centers of this ancient society. At its peak, some archaeologists opine that the Indus Civilization may have had a population of well over five million.
Seals have been found at Mohenjodaro depicting a figure standing on its head and another sitting cross-legged in what some call a yoga-like pose.
The Indus Civilization's economy appears to have depended significantly on trade, which was facilitated by major advances in transport technology. These advances included bullock carts that are identical to those seen throughout South Asia today, as well as boats.

Mohenjo Daro Picture
Mohenjo Daro Ruins

Mohenjo Daro Picture
Mohenjo Daro Ruins
Toy Bullock Carts
Toy Bullock Cart
Pottery

2 comments:

hire magento developer said...

Got refreshed with the historic photos. Its been a long time I had gone through mahenjo daro. It was there in my 8th class history book.

birdy said...

Thanks for the comment. Personally I never been to Mohenjodaro. I took these pictures in Lahore museum. I also remember that there was a lesson on Muhenjodaro and Harappa in our social studies book.